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DNA Profiling Around the World

DNA Profiling Around the World

Have you ever heard of the term DNA fingerprinting while watching movies?  DNA fingerprinting is also called DNA typing, DNA profiling, genetic fingerprinting, genotyping, or identity testing and according to Britannica, it is a method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base-pair sequence of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). You might be curious about how it is done because it is a very amazing process where you could actually identify people. Many of us might already know a little bit about this but let us know more by reading further. More information can be found on Mapmygenes product page on dna profiling here

Sarah Friedl will tell us more about DNA fingerprinting and its process and uses. Let us read below.

What is DNA Fingerprinting? – Process & Uses

DNA fingerprinting is a very useful technique that has applications beyond criminal and forensic analysis. In this lesson you’ll learn what DNA fingerprinting is, how it is done, and different ways it can be used to determine identity.

What is DNA Fingerprinting?

You DNA is very special because it is what makes you, you. Unless you have an identical twin, no one else has the same DNA as you. This genetic identification comes from your parents – half from mom and half from dad. But no matter how many kids your parents have, your DNA will always be unique from everyone else’s.

And this is what makes DNA fingerprinting such a useful tool: it allows us to identify an individual from biological samples. It’s called ‘fingerprinting’ because, just like identifying an individual based on the unique patterns we find on their fingers, we identify an individual based on the unique ‘fingerprint’ of their DNA. Because of this, you may have also heard it called DNA profiling or identity testing. Read more here.

            Information about what is DNA fingerprinting, how it works, and its uses are provided above.  In India, there has been news about the Indian parliament which will soon discuss a bill regarding forensic DNA profiling. Nature Research will tell us more about in the DNA profiling in India through their article below.

DNA profiling in India

The forensic successes of DNA profiling are undeniable. When used correctly, patterns obtained from short tandem repeats in genomic DNA can indicate, with high probability, whether it is likely that an individual (or their relative) was present at a crime scene or left traces on a victim’s body. DNA profiles can also rule out that crime-related samples came from a particular individual. The technology has been used both to solve crimes and to exonerate the innocent. But there have also been reports of wrong convictions based on DNA evidence. No method is free of all error.

DNA profiling is now widely used around the globe. The Forensic Genetics Policy Initiative (FGPI), an organization that promotes debate on the human rights implications of DNA profiling, lists 60 countries that maintain national DNA databases, including the United Kingdom and the United States, and 34 countries that plan to introduce them. India is part of the latter group. The bill up for discussion will affect how the Indian database is generated, maintained, secured and used. Read more here.

India is ensuring that their DNA profiling will be both effective and ethical. They are also making sure that the benefits are to be balanced against the protection of citizens’ rights that is why there is still an ongoing debate about it.

On a different topic, let try to see if DNA tests can discover your child’s talents. Let us read about it through Rachel Chan’s article below.

Can DNA Test ‘Discover’ Your Child’s Talents?

NEW service touted as Singapore’s first DNA test to predict kids’ talents is barely three months old, but it has already raised some eyebrows.

Called Kids Innate Talent Genetic Discovery, it was brought in by local health-marketing services firm DNA Dynasty, whose contracted laboratory is Shanghai Biochip in Pudong, China.

It also offers the DNA Diseases Susceptibility Test, which it claims can identify up to 100 diseases that one could potentially inherit genetically.

The firm will be officially launched only on Nov 15, but 90 people have already been tested, among whom 20 took the Genetic Discovery Test, said chief executive officer Johnner Tan.Read more here.

Looking forward to a DNA test which could discover or determine your child’s talents. Wouldn’t it be exciting to have that? The Kids Innate Talent Genetic Discovery also identify up to 100 diseases which could possibly be genetically inherited. That again is another wonderful thing about them. DNA profiling is really something that contributed a lot in many fields. It has helped a lot and I am sure that it will help more people in the future with all its purposes and uses.

Leading a Healthy Life with the Help of DNA Testing

Leading a Healthy Life with the Help of DNA Testing

Tests have become a part of the medical field because only with the help of tests, physicians and healthcare professionals diagnose diseases and try to provide the right type of treatments. There is another very important benefit from tests and especially, DNA testing and it is this test can help you lead a healthy life. Let us delve deep into this so you can keep a few points in mind while deciding whether to go for a DNA test.

Benefits of a DNA test

1. With the help of a DNA test, you can know how your body will respond to various types of foods and exercises. Simply put, it is your gene that determines the way your body responds to the foods you consume and the workouts you do. If you get your DNA tested, you can go for a uniquely customized diet regimen as well as an exercise regimen that suits you. This also means that by choosing a diet regimen or a workout regimen that is perfectly suited to you, you will be able to increase their efficacy by several notches.

Researchers have proved that by getting a mouth swab carried out as soon as you wake up in the morning and before you venture into the task of brushing of your teeth, scan gene variants and more specifically, 45 of them, can be scanned so the response of your body to various types of foods and exercises can be found. You can find out the sensitivity of your body to carbohydrates, saturated fats, salt, gluten and lactose. You can also find out your intolerance risk towards items such as gluten. The test will help you know your needs of vitamins and anti-oxidants and also your caffeine metabolism and alcohol metabolism.

2. If you are a fitness freak, you can find out if you can go for endurance sports such as swimming, running or cycling or choose power sports such as weight-lifting or sprinting. The test will help you know your Vo2 max or the aerobic potential. You may wonder what benefits you will derive by knowing these facts. The answer to this question is that they will let you find out how quickly your body can recover from your workouts.

Fitness experts nowadays insist on recovery of the body after workouts because only if your body fully recovers from the stress of your strenuous workout, you can carry on with your day-to-day work. Not only that, if you allow your body to remain fatigued after a strenuous workout, you will not be able to do your workouts during the next sessions.

Are DNA tests accurate so you can have the diet and workout regimens that are best-suited to you?

Experts opine that the results of a DNA test that is targeted towards the aim of customizing a suitable diet regimen or a workout regimen are fairly accurate. For example, the test will help in knowing the response of the body of a person to saturated fats. For this, the test has to focus on the “fat gene” or the FTO gene, in which there are three types.

Researchers have found that the body of those people who have the AA variant may store body fat more readily when they consume saturated fats. On the contrary, those with the AT type of the fat gene are only moderately sensitive which means their body may not readily store fat when they consume saturated fats. But the folks who have the TT type are the blessed because their body may have a very low sensitivity which means their body may not store fat even when they consume saturated fats.

Similarly, DNA testing can help in finding the response of your body to other types of foods and other types of activities as well. This means you can use the results of a DNA test for designing a suitable fitness regimen as well as a diet regimen so you can lead a healthy life.

Keep your Premiums up to Date

Keep your Premiums up to Date

Forgetting to pay for a service that is due for a renewal can cause financial stress down the line. For instance, if your premiums are not paid on time, you can lose out in case of an emergency. Most insurance providers ping their clients with a reminder, but in case you do not get the reminder in time, keep a diary so that you are not caught on the wrong foot. In the case of professional indemnity insurance for a small or big business, it is vital to pay the premiums on time.

You never know who can slap you with a claim, leaving you and the business vulnerable and open to a lousy rep and financial ruin. It does take time to get the policy right, and while the premiums can get high, it is advantageous to renew them in time. An attitude of ‘this may not happen to me so why pay for something that is unnecessary’ is so wrong, because you just never know what is lurking out there. By keeping your eye on the ball, you will be prepared for any bad press, which is essential today. 

A professional indemnity insurance policy keeps the business in check from prospective claims, should they arise. Quite a number of people make it their business to file claims against a firm because of a number of reasons. Instead of finding yourself or the business in the line of fire, it is better to stay on point. Breach of contract or improper advice by a service provider to a client is a cause where the individual or business can file a claim. Aside from the fact that the damages may hit the ceiling, running from pillar to post to get suitable counsel can take a lot out of you.

Being prudent with keeping your business taken care of with the right insurance policy as detailed on the website will keep you free from facing crazy economic losses. Naturally, one may say that if the advice given was good advice, why worry about a lawsuit? Many businesses have faced the wrath of employees who have filed cases against them for a variety of reasons. This opens the doors to an out-of-court settlement so that the firm does not have to deal with unnecessary negative publicity. With the right insurance cover in place, the business can protect itself without going south.professional_indemnity_insurance_main_banner_1_v2